Unit 1 : Basics of Packaging Process
1.1 – Introduction, Classification of Packaging – Flexible, Semi Rigid and Rigid Packaging, Functions of a Package, Factors influencing the design of a package.
1.2 – Functions/Objectives of a Packaging – physical, barrier,
Agglomeration, information, marketing, security and convenience.
1.3 – Folding Carton, Common Styles and their uses – Glue end carton, Tuck in flap carton, Lock end carton, Lock bottom carton and Autolock bottom carton.
1.4 – Tube and Tray Style Cartons – One piece tray carton, Two piece tray carton and Window carton.
1.5 – Die Making process – Diagram preparation and manual/laser cutting, cutting and creasing rule bending and fixing.
Unit 2 : Packaging Materials
2.1 – Types of boards used in packaging – Solid bleached/unbleached board, Duplex, Pulp and Art boards.
2.2 – Types of Corrugated boards – Single face corrugated board, Double face corrugated board and Triple face (or) Double walled corrugated board.
2.3 – Plastic packaging materials – BOPP, HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, PVC, PP, PET, Polyolefins, Polyamides and Non-woven.
2.4 – Metal packaging materials – Tin and Aluminium Foil – Properties and Applications.
Unit 3 : Packaging Machinery & Finishing
3.1 – Factors influencing the design of a package – product, distribution, marketing Statutory ®ulation, packaging operation and cost.
3.2 – Structural Fundamentals of folding carton – Types of panels, types of flap, grain direction, creasing and cutting.
3.3 – Introduction to Food packaging and shelf life improving
techniques, Introduction to Aseptic packaging (Tetra pack),
Structural layers used in Aseptic packaging, Importance of Ultra Heat treatment Technology.
3.4 – Flexible pouch forming – Thermoform/fill/seal machines.
Unit 4 : Ancillary Packaging
4.1 – Closures – Screw cap, Lug cap, Roll on, Crown Cap, Child
resistant closure and Tamper evident closure.
4.2 – Dispensing devices – Snip-top, Dial disc, Dip tube, Brush applicator, Shaker sifter and push-pull type.
4.3 – Cushioning Materials, Types – Resilient, Non-resilient and Space filers.
4.4 – Types of Strapping and Sealing tapes.
Unit 5 : Specialty Packages
5.1 – Shrink-Wrapping, Types of Shrink wrapping – Sleeve wrap and Envelope wrap, Skin Packaging, Blister Packaging.
5.2 – Strip Packaging, Blister Packaging and Stretch Wrapping.
5.3 – Introduction to RFID, QR Code and Barcode, applications in packaging, Symbols used in Packaging.
5.4 – Introduction – Aerosol Packaging and Modified Atmospheric Packaging, Application.
Text Book / Reference Book :
1. Hand Book of Packaging Engineering – by Joseph F Hanlon, Robert J Kelsey, and
Halline E Forcinio.
2. Guarding of Folding Box Gluers – by British Printing Industries federation.
3. Guarding of sheet fed cutting and creasing machine – by British Printing Industries
4. A Handbook of Food Packaging – by Frank A. Paine and Heather Y. Paine, Leonard Hill
Publishers, Glasgow G 642 NZ